Uncovering A Unique Story

If you really think about it the first step for essay writing is to brainstorm figuring out about which topic you’d like to write the second step is outlining figuring out how to organize your essay the third step is to draft the actual process of writing your essay and then finally it’s not really a step but it’s at the very end you should be sure to review and polish your essay and we can’t stress that enough so let’s get started you may have a lot of ideas or you might be unsure of where to start so let’s work together to brainstorm for your essay so let’s begin with an example for the purpose of this webinar let’s pretend that I’m the student writing an essay so I will begin by thinking of a broad topic that immediately comes to mind when I’m thinking about which parts of my life I believe have been particularly influential. Get to know more about brainstorming at Robotdon.com.

Let’s say for this example that I write down family as my broad topic and yeah it’s very very open so again we’re just starting with something very general here and so I would need to specify a little bit more so here I want to specify a circumstance that I live in a single-parent household this is still kind of a general idea and at this point I need to find specific examples to really make my unique story come to shine unique story about being from a single-parent household now remember we want students to respond to the entire prompt so by discussing how these factors and challenges have helped me grow I can be able to go into greater detail about my circumstance and really hone in on my unique point maybe I want to say that living in a single-parent household has given me greater independence because my mom has to work long hours because of this I have had to learn how to cook for myself and also for my siblings on a very limited budget.

So if you kind of take a step back and look we have the broad topic that you want to write about a more specific circumstance and then unique points that illustrate how the circumstance has really shaped or influenced you so we want to hear from you so so far we’ve talked about family but what other broad topics do you feel you could write your essay on chat us right now by going over to your GoToWebinar right hand panel and let us know your thoughts you can find this chat box again at the very bottom and let us know what you think okay so we’re getting different topics coming in this is great thank you for participating and brainstorming with us so we have academic success friends new cultures immigration great as part of the brainstorming process I’ve selected community and academics so these are some topics I’ve I saw you guys type out as well so that’s great but again this is up to you.

The Most Important Parts Of Essay

When i`m checking essays I’m tired in the evening what am I reading I’m reading your conclusion but I’m also spending quite a bit of time on your introduction because then I know whether you’re thinking clearly or not thinking clearly okay it’s like when we read your are peas I spend an inordinate amount of time on your research objectives and questions and how they’re organized and how clear they are and how delineated they are because then I know whether you’ve got a manageable RP or not it’s the same with an essay okay it’s very important one practice you have to avoid is so this is coming from for 233 I asked this question where has most investment finance come from in successful developing countries forget the second part okay.

Then someone actually gives a title of there sa answering that question in the title I can see they’re already answering a different question you see profit and government intervention as the fuel of successful developing economies I didn’t ask them to explain what makes successful developing economies I asked them what is the source of investment finance you see from the title I already knew they were not going to answer the question you know and I already knew roughly what mark I was going to give them save me an enormous amount of time you know because then I could easily cut through the rest an example of a question and these are questions I have said and i have seen said okay and I asked it deliberately economic liberalisation has been detrimental to development of many developing countries now you know what I’m going to say look at those words what is economic liberalisation its vast isn’t it is it product markets is it factor markets is it international trade is it international financial flows we can go on endlessly okay so how do you deal with that in 2,500 words it’s a miracle isn’t it.

If you can do all of that then to make matters worse i use words like detrimental what is their tremenda mean okay it could mean many things then to the development is development easy to understand you’ve done your general course you know that could mean this it could mean that and then too many developing countries who are those developing countries can you see I mean 2500 words if I give it to someone as an RP do you think they can even manage it in an RP of course not okay so supposing you have that and you have no choice but to answer it lets it course workers say one method I suggest to people is find groups of people that keep talking about this because there are in the literature okay there is a huge literature that actually says things like that where economic liberalisation they mean trade liberalisation and that whole discussion is trade liberalisation and actually growth not welfare.

High Growth Industries Offer Hot Opportunities For Job-Seekers

Is your industry shrinking? The truth is, if your most recent job was in a retrenching market, there are always going to be more job hunters than jobs. If you want to reaming in a retrenching field you can plan on a longer job search, potentially lower pay, and if the industry continues to shrink, yet another job search is quite possibly right around the corner.


Instead why not consider a high growth industry? Sure you may need to retool your resume and possibly even pick up a few new skills, but despite the doomsday outlook we hear on the news, there are pockets of growth across the US. IbisWorld, the world’s largest independent publisher of U.S. industry research, shared the following list of the 10 Fastest Growing Industries in Huffington Post earlier this year:


  • Solar Power
  • Video Games
  • Third-Party Administrators and Claims Adjusters
  • Environmental Consulting
  • Correctional Facilities
  • Biotechnology
  • E-Commerce and Online Auctions
  • Wind Power
  • Internet Publishing and Broadcasting
  • Voice Over Internet Protocol Providers

A slightly older report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics lists the Top 10 Growing and Shrinking US Industries. Even though it is nearly two years olds, this reports provide job seekers with direction… a way to focus your job search on areas of opportunity. While you may not be an expert in wind power, what’s to say a wind power company doesn’t need a ace accountant, administrator or analyst?


As you look to apply your skills and talents to new industries you’ll need to do your homework. Read trade journals, attend industry events, conduct information interviews, and fill in any gaps you identify in your skill set. Switching industries may not be as easy as finding the exact same job in the exact same industry, but if yours is shrinking now may be the time to set your sights higher.

How You Can Find The Most Dependable Internet University

The secondary education is the base of all types of careers as many branches of education open up only after the successful completion of the secondary standard. This leads to the higher education areas where the career options become more relevant. At this stage of their education, the students also become more conscious about their career and profession. As the number of pass out students is increasing every year, so the need of more and more educational institutions is also increasing very fast. The increasing availability of the Internet-based educational institutions has increased the options in a massive way. Today, there are huge numbers of such online education institutions available on the Internet. All the institutions offer great courses as well as facilities to the students.


If you are also getting attracted towards such online educational institutions and getting yourself ready to join a course, then you must be very careful about certain things. You must find out whether the institution you are going to join is dependable for you or not. You must find out whether it will fulfill all its promises or not. Though it is not easy to find fraud institutions, you can get a good amount of help from the below-mentioned tips to find out a dependable Internet institution in the form of university or college:


Accreditation: This is the most important criterion that you must ensure before joining any online educational institution. The Internet-based education institute must be accredited to the official body in the country that is authorized to allow such institutions from functioning. This accreditation provides a valid permission to the said institution to run different types of courses. Sometimes, these online courses are required to get accredited to the authorized body that allows these courses to be run through distance education mode. You should not believe oral authentication and must look for relevant documents of accreditation. After this valid procedure, these Internet-based online education institutions become eligible for running these courses.


Quality Courseware: The identity of an online educational institution is measured by the quality of the courseware. Before joining any online educational institution, you must make sure that it has a reliable and accepted quality of courseware. As you are a student, therefore you have all the rights in the world to verify the courseware to find that whether it has the quality of satisfying your quest or not.


Fee: It is one of the most important factors that affect the decision of the students in a big way. You must find out the course fee that you are supposed to pay the institute during your entire course. It is quite obvious that these courses can be a little bit expensive as they allow you to stay at home during the whole course. Nevertheless, you must try to find out an institution that can offer you the same cursed for lesser fees. However, you must not make any comparison on the quality of the institution in search of the cheaper institution.


Other facilities: Though you are willing to join an online and Internet-based education center, you must look for all the facilities that are offered to the regular students. These facilities include a library, computer labs and science labs. You may also look for placement facilities as well as most of these online education centers provide placement facilities to the successful students.

Red Sea or Reed Sea? Part 3

We have to remember that the Red Sea, like the Caribbean and North Seas, is a salty sea, as opposed to, for instance, the Sea of Galilee, an inland freshwater lake. Reeds grow only in freshwater rivers, lakes, and seas, not in saltwater seas. The salty Gulf of Aqaba is reed-free, yet it is called yam suph, Sea of Reeds.

Here is where I have to pause to say something about Colin J. Humphreys, minerals engineer, physicist, chemist, astronomer, geologist, and researcher in microprinting, eternal light bulbs, and computer chips in the brain, as well as amateur archeologist and lay biblical scholar, in brief, a contemporary polymath, and my chief source for an up-to-date analysis of  Exodus.

Humphreys is in the vanguard of scholars who are bringing the disciplined methodology and innovative tools of modern science to the study of the Bible. When it comes to the Red Sea versus Reed Seed controversy, the case he presents in his book, The Miracles of Exodus, is quite compelling.

Nevertheless, there is something left unsaid about his version of Moses route in the desert. Since the Red Sea is a salty sea, why would Moses expect to find fresh water, and plenty of  it, at Aqaba?

Humphreys is an enthusiastic amateur archaeologist and biblical Sherlock Holmes.  Accompanied by his wife,  he spent the Easter week of 1999 at Taba, on the western shore of the Gulf of Aqaba, playing botanical detective. To shorten a long story, he did find great clumps of freshwater reeds, four to six feet high, growing at the northernmost part of the gulf.  He also found evidence that in Roman times the gulf extended farther north than today’s shore and was also and this is quite fascinating a reservoir of considerable fresh water back then. (The details are in The Miracles of Exodus.)

How did Humphreys come to find what no one else had ever found? The answer is startlingly simple: no one had bothered to look. It is in their nature for scientists to bother to look.


Red Sea or Reed Sea? Part 2

In the 4th-century Latin translation of the Hebrew Bible, the Vulgate, St. Jerome rendered yam suph as mare rubrum to designate the Red Sea, and the King James Version of the Bible (1611) also translated yam suph as Red Sea. The translators knew exactly what they were doing.

Indeed, as already confirmed, yam suph means Sea of Reeds, but all the biblical citations imply a Red Sea crossing, not a soggy march through an inland reedy lake, such as Lake Timsah and the Bitter Lakes, a day’s journey from Rameses (q.v.), and two of the modern scholars favorite candidates for the Sea of Reeds.

What lay behind God’s plan in leading Moses and the Israelites in the desert to the Red Sea (as stated in Exodus 13:18)?

Moses began the Exodus from Rameses (modern Qantir) in the Nile Delta and followed the ancient trade route to the head of the Gulf of Aqaba. If you saw Lawrence of Arabia, Aqaba will sound familiar.

But where are we geographically in this account? you’re asking. Well, spread your left forefinger and middle finger as far apart as you can.  Your middle finger, pointing northwest, will be the Gulf of Suez, and your forefinger, the Gulf of Aqaba. The dorsum (back) of your hand represents the main body of the Red Sea. The two gulfs are thus projections or extensions of the Red Sea and as such are parts of the Red Sea. In ancient times, the gulfs themselves would also be referred to as the Red Sea. As for Aqaba, it is at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba (near the tip of your index finger).

During the time of the ten plagues visited upon Pharaoh, Moses and Pharaoh were actually sparring. What Moses wanted from Pharaoh was permission to take the Israelites out into the desert three days march from Rameses to sacrifice to the LORD. It was to be three days out and three days back plus one day for offering sacrifice, one week in all. Only Moses, of course, had no intention of returning. He had secured sufficient provisions from Pharaoh to make it to the tip of the Gulf of Aqaba, where he would find plenty of fresh water to be able to continue the journey to Mount Sinai.

Red Sea or Reed Sea?

So God led the people around by the desert road towards the Red Sea (Exodus 13:18).  This will be our starting point.

There’s no problem reading the verse in English, which has  yam suph translated as Red Sea. The Hebrew yam refers to a sea, lake, or river, and raises no translationary issue. But suph translates as reeds, rushes, marshes. Thus, yam suph is quite rightly translated as Sea of Reeds, not Red Sea.

Leading biblical scholars, such as the three Hs, James Hoffmeier, Cornelius Houtman, and James Philip Hyath, maintain that the Israelites waded through  a marshy Sea of Reeds. Most modern biblical scholars have followed suit.

On the other hand, we have the Septuagint, the 3rd-century BCE Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, which rendered yam suph as eruthra thalassa, Greek for Red Sea. It should be noted that the translators, 72 Alexandrian Jewish scholars, did not use the Greek words for Sea of Reeds.

They understood only too well that yam suph literally meant Sea of Reeds, but they also knew that yam suph actually was the Red Sea. The tradition from Moses to the time of the Septuagint held that yam suph  was indeed the Red Sea, not the Sea of Reeds.

In 1 Kings 9:26, we read,  And King Solomon [c. 1000 BCE] made a navy of ships in Ezion Geber, which is besides Eloth, on the shore of the Red Sea [yam suph], in the land of Edom (KJV). Solomon was building fighting ships to sail on a body of water and not through marshland!

A thousand years later, we have New Testament references to the Red Sea    in Acts 7:36 ([Moses] brought them out, after he had shown wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red Sea) and Hebrews 11:29 (By faith they passed through the Red Sea)  that use eruthra thalassa, the Greek for Red Sea, and not the Greek words for Sea of Reeds. The authors of these two books were Jews who, after all, were fully cognizant of their tradition.

Why the Cultural Determination Argument for Atheism Fails: But if you were born in India, you would have been a Hindu!

Most people have the religious beliefs into which they were born.  Most Christians grew up in Christian cultures, most Muslims grew up in Islamic cultures, most Buddhists into Buddhist cultures, etc.  Conversion from one faith to another happens but it is extraordinarily rare.  If you give your race, gender, cultural background, the level of education, etc. to a knowledgeable statistician, then she can predict your religious views (and how fervently you hold them) with a high degree of accuracy.

This has led to an influential argument for atheism:  You are a sincere Christian believer.  But if you had been born in India, then you would have been a Hindu.  You would have held your Hinduism as firmly as you now hold your Christianity (with a high degree of probability.)  The likelihood that you would be a Christian is extraordinarily low.  Thus, you should be deeply skeptical of your Christian beliefs.  Just as the Hindu should be skeptical of her beliefs.  The most likely explanation for all of this is that these religions are a cultural phenomenon and are basically all equally wrong.  Reflecting on this fact should lead you eventually to atheistic naturalism.

This argument seems compelling to many people.  But there is a serious flaw here.  It is the same flaw that occurs in the argument from religious pluralism to universalism examined in an earlier post the atheistic naturalist wrongly excludes himself.  If the atheist were born in India, he too would very likely be a Hindu.  He would hold his Hinduism as passionately as he now holds his atheistic naturalism.  It is extraordinarily implausible that he would be an atheistic naturalist. So if this fact should cause the Christian to doubt his views, then it should likewise cause the atheistic naturalist to doubt his.  Thus, this kind of argument cannot be used in favor of atheistic naturalism.

What should we take away from this argument?  The fact that your beliefs (whatever they are) are largely predictable in advance based on your socio-economic background is disturbing. It suggests that we are often not forming our beliefs on the basis of good reasons.  None of us.  Be careful to avoid the temptation to use this conclusion as an argument against opposing views, but exempting yourself.  
From all of this we ought to conclude, I think, that knowing the truth is hard.  That we all need to be humble about our own views.  That very few things can be known with certainty (or anything approaching certainty.)  That we ought to read widely and try to see ourselves as others see us.  These conclusions, I think, hold for everyone including, of course, atheistic naturalists.

Why Faith? Why Not Proof?

A common objection to Christianity goes something like this:  Why do you base everything on faith?  Why don’t you offer some proof?  If God really does exist, then it should be far more obvious than it is.  There should be conclusive evidence.  Everyone should know it.  If it were actually true, then faith would be necessary.

I believe that the problem with this objection comes from two mistakes.  First, concerning the faith.  Second, concerning God.  Let’s start with faith.  Faith is a kind of trust.  Now the trust is required whenever something is hidden from us.  For example, I believe that my wife is not cheating on me anytime I leave the house.  Trust is required here because I cannot directly verify what she is doing when I am not around.  Similarly, I trust that she really does love me and doesn’t secretly hate me inside her own mind.  I cannot see directly into her own mind.  So I have to have faith that when she says I love you she means it.  So faith is required anytime something is hidden from me.

Now let us turn to God.  In Karl Rahner’s phrase, God is the Absolute Mystery meaning that God surpasses all conceptualization.  A conceptualization is a classification of something into a kind or type.  Since God is utterly unique, he is not classifiable into a higher kind or type.  But if God is not conceptualized, then God cannot be reasoned about.  All reasoning involves classification.  Reasoning concerns placing individual objects into larger categories and relating those categories to one another.  For example, Happy people eat oatmeal takes two classes or kinds of people (the happy ones and the oatmeal eaters) and claims that a certain relation exists between both groups (all those in the happy class are also in the oatmeal eating class.)  Reasoning involves classification.  So if God cannot be classified, then he cannot properly be speaking be reasoned about.  That means that we cannot directly prove that God exists.  Proof is impossible because proof requires reasoning.  Anything that can be proven (and so reasoned about) cannot be God.

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Should Adultery Be Illegal? Reflections on the Relationship Between Law and Morality

Pragmatic, Moral, and Legal Obligations are very different things.  It is possible, for example, for something to be morally required but not legally required (e.g., charity, kindness), legally required, but not morally required (driving on the right rather than the left side of the road), etc.  
These distinctions are important because there is a common argument form that is clearly invalid.  It goes something like this:

  1.  Action x is immoral.
  2.  Therefore, action x is (or should be) illegal.

But it simply does not follow that just because something is immoral it ought to be illegal.   Consider that there are many immoral things that we do not want to be illegal.  Adultery, for example, is clearly immoral but is not illegal.  Why?  Because we really don’t want to spend the limited police resources we have investigated every alleged case of adultery.  We may also think that this is not a public matter, but only a private matter.  (Many other reasons could be given.)

But does the fact that adultery is legal entail that society condones acts of adultery?

Imagine if adultery had been illegal from time immemorial, would making it legal now indicate that society now approves (or disproves less) of adultery?  Not necessarily.  It may be that society has simply come to a pragmatic judgment that this is not what we want to spend our limited resources on.  Or that this type of action should not be legislated about, etc.

Now in the hypothetical world where adultery was going from illegal to legal many would object that we ought not to commit adultery and that making it legal would mean that it is now okay to do it.  But this confuses the different senses of ought.  Whether adultery is a crime has nothing to do with whether adultery is a sin.  (Minor complication here:  it may be that we have a moral obligation to obey the law in normal circumstances in which case making it illegal would make it immoral, but this is pretty controversial.)

These reflections are important for Catholic Church people because they too often make the slip from we believe that action x is immoral to the conclusion so we should want x to be illegal.  But this is not a good argument either.  

Thus, there is a logically coherent position that is often overlooked whereby one believes that some action x is immoral (because one is Catholic, say) and yet does not want action x to be illegal.  Why not make it illegal?  Perhaps because it isn’t the best use of resources.  Or one may believe that each person should be allowed to decide issue x for themselves.  (E.g., Catholics believe that it is immoral for a Catholic to voluntarily not attend Mass, but no one thinks that Catholics ought to be legally required to attend Mass.  Attending Mass is an individual choice.)